Geography, Physical Features And Climate of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa. Around Sierra Leone sits Guinea on the north, Liberia on the south east, and the Atlantic Ocean on the south west. Freetown is the capital of Sierra Leone, and also the largest city. Sierra Leone has a great geography, physical features, and climate.
There are many things that Sierra Leones Geography is made of. It is located on the west coast of Africa. It is between the seventh and 10th parallels of the north equator. The total area of Sierra Leone is seventy one thousand seven hundred and forty kilometers. Sierra Leone has four different geographical regions that include the coastal Guinean mangroves, the wooded country, the upland plateaus, and the eastern mountains. Sierra Leone is also half the size of Illinois.
Sierra Leone has many physical features. Mount Bintumani is the highest peak in Sierra Leone at one thousand nine hundred and forty five meters. Tingi Mountains became a forest reserve, a place where people cant hunt. It also has two hundred species of birds, and is home to western baboons and elephants. Futa Djallon Highlands are a series of stepped sandstone plateaus with many gorges. Little Scarcies River is in west Africa and flows into the Sierra Leone and empties in the Atlantic Ocean.
The Climate in Sierra Leone is a tropical climate. Sierra Leone has many savannahs and rainforests. It has warm temperatures and high precipitation. Sierra Leone has a rainy season from May to December, and a dry season from December to May. The average temperature is usually seventy eight point eight. The average rainfall is three thousand to five thousand millimeters per year. Sierra Leone has many plants, and shrubs including oil trees. Coffee and cotton are indigenous. Hazards in Sierra Leones climate is the dry sand Harmattan winds that blow from the Sahara, dust storms, and sandstorms. Problems with the environment include the rapid population growth, overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and civil war depleted resources.
|This is a road in Sierra Leone. It shows how the rain forests take up so much of the area there.|